Hallux Rigidus

What is Hallux Rigidus (Arthritis of the Big Toe)?

Hallux Rigidus is a form of arthritis that targets the primary joint in the big toe, located in the ball of the foot.

This condition is characterized by pain and swelling, leading to a significant limitation in movement. The hallmark of Hallux Rigidus is the stiffness it causes, severely restricting the toe’s ability to bend. This condition doesn’t discriminate based on age, impacting individuals across various age groups.

A top view of bare feet of older woman suffering from hallux valgus.
What Causes Arthritis of the Big Toe?

The structure of your foot may affect the function of the great toe joint during gait which would lead to mechanical wear and tear at the great toe joint.

In many cases, the exact cause of arthritis in the big toe remains unclear, and it can emerge at any stage of life.

However, it is notably prevalent among individuals who are over 50 years old.

Occasionally, the condition can be traced back to an injury or be the result of an underlying health issue, like gout.

What are the Treatment Options for Arthritis of the Big Toe?

The initial approach to managing arthritis in the big toe typically involves pain medication to address joint discomfort. If pain persists, injections such as cortisone or Ostenil may be recommended to alleviate inflammation within the joint. Utilizing splints, pads, insoles, and orthotics can also contribute to reducing discomfort, though it’s important to note these methods do not cure the condition.

Should pain in the big toe joint continue despite these conservative treatments, surgical options may then be explored.

Your podiatric surgeon can provide a comprehensive overview of the most suitable treatment alternatives during your consultation.